Ste. Genevieve in the Revolutionary War
Men who served in the
War and lived in Ste. Genevieve later, where they applied for their
George Cofer – pvt 1st VA regiment, enlisted 1776,
served 6 months, honorably discharged. Again enlisted and
served about 2 years 10 months, discharged at Fredricktown, MD.
In March 1780, was drafted for another 18 months. After the
war moved to KY in 1789, then to Ste. Genevieve in 1819.
Jacques Misse – first came to America from France
under General Compte D’Estang, about 1779. Helped capture
the British ship Experiment. Went to St. Domingo, then back
to France. Served a total of about 6 or 7 months as a
private under Capt. Sr. Chevalier Cornielleur. Came again to
America in 1790 with a colony (Ohio), move to Ste. Genevieve two
James Patterson – born Cumberland Co, PA 1755; at
age 10 moved to York Co, SC. 1776 – volunteered for 3 months
against the Cherokee; 1777 – drafted, served 3 months under Capt
McCullogh; 2 months under Gen Green as militia; 2 months under
Capt Hanna, stationed in SC; 1 month under Gen Sumpter in SC.
William R. Brown – volunteered first in the
Virginia militia, serving about 6 months (1778-1779); Feb 1781 –
drafted militia, pvt for 3 months, discharged; 1781 – drafted
again, another 3 months, Virginia Militia – but did not go as he
became sick and ended up on furlough; went into service again
later (dates?); finally moved to Ste. Genevieve in 1818
John Charles Halo – came to America with D’Estange
about 1779 and also took part in the capture of the Experiment;
served about 6 or 7 months. Lived in New Madrid, MO; then
Vincennes, Indiana; then finally Ste. Geneveive (for about 30
years at this time)
Ste. Genevieve Militia Among Those Remembered at Commemoration of
Revolutionary War Battle
The Ste. Genevieve Herald
Wed, May 21, 2003; page 9
Residents of Ste.
Genevieve played a key role in one of the critical battles of the
Revolutionary War, according to historian Steve Fitzgerald, and that
event will be commemorated this weekend during the 223rd anniversary
celebration of the Battle of Fort San Carlos.
The story goes this way: Spanish
officials in St. Louis were expecting a major attack by British and
Indian forces. Lieutenant Governor Fernando de Leyba sent an
order to Commandant Francois Valle to send men from Ste. Genevieve
to help withstand the onslaught.
Valle ordered Military Commandant Don
Silvo de Cartabona to take 60 men to St. Louis, including the dozen
or so Spanish soldiers posted here. They took with them all
the swivel guns the Ste. Genevieve post owned, and supplies for the
The local troops left Ste. Genevieve
in time to arrive in St. Louis on May 13. They waited almost
two weeks for the expected attack, which occurred on May 26.
Fitzgerald says that meanwhile, a
stone tower was erected on Ft. San Carlos, located high on the
Mississippi River, at St. Louis. A trench also was dug around
The battle – the sole battle of the
Revolutionary War fought west of the Mississippi River – lasted
three hours, and resulted in many casualties. But despite
overwhelming numbers, the local militia and St. Louis defenders
repelled the British and Indian attack.
De Leyba would later write, "It would
have been the last day of St. Louis except for three things: Divine
Providence, courage, and prompt action."
The old fort stood near the present
location of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Park and Old
The commemorative observance will be
held at that site at 1:30p.m. It is sponsored by Hudson-Fauth
VFW Post 8888. Many other organizations from the St. Louis
area are involved in the planning and will participate.
While the tower of Ft. San Carlos is
long gone, efforts are being made by St. Louisans to erect a replica
at the site as a permanent memorial to its early defenders,
including the men from Ste. Genevieve.